Kenya

Design, development and implementation of Conflict Early Warning & Early Reponses System in Turkana-Pokot counties.

 

Context of the pilot

  • 2015 Elections in the region were peaceful, with not single incident of violence in the area
  • Community peace network, with – volunteers, community peace representatives, ethinic groups, state and non-state actors – working well to ensure peace building efforts.
  • Processes of strengthening peace network works well – monthly volunteer and CPR meetings, indicators mapping, identifying conflict hotspots, engaging communities in dialogue.
  • ICTs playing a mediating role in strengthening this peace network.
  • Challenges with the ICT platform which limits the use and sharing of information within peace network due to limited SMS traffic and unable to keep sender anonymous.

 
What is in the pilot?

  • The pilot builds on and addresses challenges experienced in Mt Elgon region over ten years.
  • The pilot includes:
    • Identifying new conflict area in Pokot Central sub-county of West Pokot County and Turkana South sub-county of Turkana County
    • Building Peace Network in new area
    • Enhancing technology platform by design and development of Conflict Early Warning and Response System on DHIS2 platform
    • Pilot scales methodology used in Mt Elgon region with appropriate contextualizations for building the peace network.

 

What is ‘ICT’ in the pilot?

  • Design and development of Early Warning and Response System based on DHIS2
  • How does the system work:
    • Community members/ field monitors send SMS to a 5 digit number
    • SMS is received at response centre, where someone checks and confirms the message
    • Message is anonymized, to ensure confidentiality of the sender
    • After confirmation, SMS is further sent to mandated responders for response and taking action

Figure of the approach

 

Approach to building the peace network

  • Broad approach creating collective learning across stakeholders
  • Stakeholder mapping – of peace network members, their interests and motivations
  • Participatory Conflict Analysis: understanding with community the context, including triggers and indicators
  • Mapping violent hotspots areas jointly with police and community
  • Network coordination and reflections through trainings and monthly meetings , dialogue sessions, observations
  • Design, building use of CEWERS, coordinating discussions based on data
     

Methodology for the pilot

Table

Results

  • Enhanced confidence in field monitors to report cases of potential violence, inspired by:
  • Anonymity provided by EWERS
  • Evidence that the information sent was being acted upon by authorities
  • Timely response to reported data by security actors at local & national levels
  • Increased community participation in sharing information with the security agencies
  • Reduction in cases of i) cattle rustling; ii) raids; and, iii) banditry, due to:
  • More widespread and rapid reporting
  • Speedy response in conflict mitigation efforts
  • Enhanced collective learning in the peace network, and widespread benefits

 

Learnings

  • Creation of collective peace networks enables collective learning and action within frameworks of reciprocity and trust
  • Women and children highly effective in reporting cases of potential violence
  • Effective and speedy response is enabled through visibility of information, which enhances accountability of authorities
  • ICT-enabled inclusion of both victims and perpetrators in monitoring violence indicators is key in realization of results
  • ICTs are enabling tools, and when socially embedded in peace networks, leads to effective peace building efforts