WP2 – Community-Based Policing in Comparison

This project has taken an explorative methodological approach in which ‘co-creation of knowledge’ is a fundamental tenet.

Drawing on ethnographic and anthropological methodologies, our researchers have employed a variety of methods to create knowledge together with individual, group and institutional informants. Individual interviews and focus groups were, for instance, frequently used methods.

While we have used the overall explorative approach and qualitative methodology  as a basis, the different work packages have made their own methodological choices based on the respective research contexts.

At the same time, the approach and methods employed allowed for comparisons across research areas. Comparison between cases has been a key feature of the ICT4COP project, especially as regards crosscutting themes such as gender relations or technological development.

Contributing staff

Ingrid Nyborg

is the ICT4COP Project Leader, as well as the leader of Work Package 2: Comparative COP, Work Package 6: Gender, and Work Package 8: South Asia. Dr. Nyborg has extensive experience in research and teaching in human security and post conflict development, with a specific focus on gender in development. She has worked extensively in Africa, as well as South Asia, where her most recent research has focused on post-conflict development in Afghanistan and Pakistan. She has considerable experience in project leadership, action research with civil society, and qualitative field methods.
Ingrid Nyborg

John McNeish


Kari Osland

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 2: Comparative COP, through strategic discussions on project methodology, as an observer on the Steering Committee, and through participating in the General Assembly on behalf of NUPI. She facilitated collaboration between work packages to ensure coherence and interdisciplinarity, contributed to the creation of deliverables that analyze complex and interdisciplinary findings such as the e-learning handbooks and use of digital stories, and was involved in the planning and implementation of annual meetings.
Oslo, Norge, 27.04.2015. Kari M. Osland. Pressebilder for Norsk Utenrikspolitisk Institutt (NUPI) Photo: Christopher Olssøn 2014©littleimagebank

Grete Benjaminsen


Maria Gilen Røysamb

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 2: Comparative COP, working on identifying comparative findings and authoring a paper on this topic.
Maria Røysamb

Ingvild Jacobsen


Shai Divon


Daniel Lohmann

led ICT4COP’s Work Package 11: Dissemination and Exploitation of Results from September 2020 through the end of the project and contributed to Work Package 2: Comparative Studies as a research assistant. He co-wrote an editorial for the project’s special issue on police-community relations, reviewed articles and policy briefs, and participated in workshops and conferences for the project.