WP7 – Africa

In Africa, our research concentrates on Somalia, Somaliland, Kenya and Uganda.

The work package has analyzed institutional, political, social and cultural constraints and opportunities for operationalizing community-oriented policing (COP) in these three countries.

The research includes both analyses of the development and implementation of police reforms and COP initiatives, in addition to the relationship between police and local people in specific environments (e.g. urban, remote, coastal), and population sectors (e.g. youth, women).

Another important aspect for the work package has been to assess the ways in which perceptions of security and justice shift according to environmental or structural factors, and to how ICT and other innovations might contribute to improving community trust in police.


Contributing staff

Stian Lid
Picture of Stian Lid

led ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa from mid-2020 through the project’s end, organizing the work packages regional workshop. He has contributed to the project through his research on COP policies in transitional countries, and the dynamics between youth groups, community-based organizations and local police in Mathare.

Alice Hills
Picture of Alice Hills

led ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa from 2015-2020. Her personal research focused on developments in Somalia and Somaliland.

Stig Jarle Hansen

Stig Jarle Hansen Contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa, studying policing in the Horn of Africa, as well as policing in post conflict scenarios. He conducted extensive field studies in Mogadishu, and in Nairobi, studying mechanisms of legitimacy and de-legitimacy for policing and community policing. His research highlights that actual service delivery, that the population can expect protection from crime and support from the police in times of need perhaps is more important for policing than the exact structures of policing, and that foreign support for policing at times can lead to larger focus on attracting donor support than actually producing police services to the local population.

Shai André Divon

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa, and was responsible for the Northern Uganda component of the WP. His research focused on investigating the application of the Ugandan COP model in theory and practice in the Gulu municipality, and on street youth and criminal gangs in Gulu City. Divon also contributed to WP2: Comparative COP, where he helped develop a conceptual map for the analysis of police reform and power in post conflict societies.

Ingvild Gjelsvik
Picture of Ingvild Gjelsvik

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa, studying police reform, people-centered policing and the implementation of two state-initiated COP initiatives in Kenya. Her work, which highlights locally initiated bottom-up approaches to improve police-public trust, is based on fieldwork in urban and rural parts of Kenya, focusing on local experiences and perspectives on police-public relations and central factors hindering the successful implementation of the two COP initiatives.

Sarah Biecker

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa, through investigating community policing in Northern Uganda. Here, she conducted research in the police, in communities, courts and local governments, specifically investigating the role of women in policing processes.

Clifford Okwany
Picture of Clifford Okwany

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa through writing, planning, and execution of field work in Kenya and Somalia, as well as data collection. Okwany has taken part in the planning and execution of the ICT4COP annual conferences and has contributed in writing WP7’s report on COP in Kenya, cowriting two articles and a policy brief, and organizing the Nairobi Workshop Seminar.