WP2 – Community-Based Policing in Comparison

This project has taken an explorative methodological approach in which ‘co-creation of knowledge’ is a fundamental tenet.

Drawing on ethnographic and anthropological methodologies, our researchers have employed a variety of methods to create knowledge together with individual, group and institutional informants. Individual interviews and focus groups were, for instance, frequently used methods.

While we have used the overall explorative approach and qualitative methodology as a basis, the different work packages have made their own methodological choices based on the respective research contexts.

At the same time, the approach and methods employed allowed for comparisons across research areas. Comparison between cases has been a key feature of the ICT4COP project, especially as regards crosscutting themes such as gender relations or technological development.


Contributing staff

Ingrid Nyborg

Picture of  Ingrid Nyborg

is the ICT4COP Project Leader, as well as the leader of Work Package 2: Comparative COP, Work Package 6: Gender, and Work Package 8: South Asia. Dr. Nyborg has extensive experience in research and teaching in human security and post conflict development, with a specific focus on gender in development. She has worked extensively in Africa, as well as South Asia, where her most recent research has focused on post-conflict development in Afghanistan and Pakistan. She has considerable experience in project leadership, action research with civil society, and qualitative field methods.

Kari Osland

Picture of Kari Oslandcontributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 2: Comparative COP, through strategic discussions on project methodology, as an observer on the Steering Committee, and through participating in the General Assembly on behalf of NUPI. She facilitated collaboration between work packages to ensure coherence and interdisciplinarity, contributed to the creation of deliverables that analyze complex and interdisciplinary findings such as the e-learning handbooks and use of digital stories and was involved in the planning and implementation of annual meetings. 

John McNeish

Picture of John McNeishled ICT4COP’s Work Package 9: Central America, carrying out field research in Nicaragua resulting in one published article. He also has contributed to Work Package 2: Comparative COP through writing a comparative article, and was a member of the project’s steering committee.

Grete Benjaminsen

Picture of Grete Benjaminsencontributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 2: Comparative COP. She conducted comparative and meta-analysis of project results across countries and regions, and - based on these - led the work to develop an e-handbook on community-oriented policing. She worked closely with Neil Davey on training and assisting project researchers in developing research-based Digital Stories that were used in the e-handbooks, and co-authored an article on the use of Digital Storytelling as a Tool for Qualitative Data Interpretation and Communication. Grete also contributed to the broader internal quality assurance and per review of articles.  

Maria Gilen Røysamb

Picture of Maria Gilen Røysamb

contributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 2: Comparative COP, working on identifying comparative findings and authoring a paper on this topic. Maria Gilen Røysamb is a Junior Researcher in the Peace, Conflict and Development Research Group at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). Røynsamb holds a master’s degree in Political Science from the University of Oslo.

Shai André Divon

Picture of Shai André Divoncontributed to ICT4COP’s Work Package 7: Africa, and was responsible for the Northern Uganda component of the WP. His research focused on investigating the application of the Ugandan COP model in theory and practice in the Gulu municipality, and on street youth and criminal gangs in Gulu City. Divon also contributed to WP2: Comparative COP, where he helped develop a conceptual map for the analysis of police reform and power in post conflict societies.

Daniel Lohmann

Picture of Daniel Lohmannled ICT4COP’s Work Package 11: Dissemination and Exploitation of Results from September 2020 through the end of the project and contributed to Work Package 2: Comparative Studies as a research assistant. He co-wrote an editorial for the project’s special issue on police-community relations, reviewed articles and policy briefs, and participated in workshops and conferences for the project.